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| || ||What is the role of insulin in the for 1 last update 09 Jul 2020 body?What is the role of insulin in the body? |
- It converts glucose (from food) into usable energy
- It increases your blood sugar after eating a meal
- It helps you digest carbohydrates and sugar properly
- All of the above
Under normal circumstances, the glucose (sugar) levels in your blood rise after you eat. In response, the body produces a hormone called insulin, which helps the body convert the glucose in your bloodstream into usable energy.
| || ||What do all three types of diabetes (type 1, type 2, gestational) have in common? |
- They are autoimmune disorders
- They involve an inability to make insulin
- They are caused by high-sugar diets
- They occur in adulthood
- They result in high levels of glucose in the bloodstream
If insulin isn’t available, or if the body isn’t using it correctly, a person''s cells don''t respond to insulin
In the early stages of Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still manufactures insulin, but for some reason the cells of the body are not using it properly—a condition known as insulin resistance. In response, the pancreas produces more and more insulin, wearing itself out and eventually losing its ability to produce insulin completely after a few years. Just like type 1 diabetes, high levels of blood glucose result, making it difficult for the body to use this glucose as fuel.
| || ||True or False: Most people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. |
Between 90% and 95% of diabetes cases are type 2. Learn The Causes Type 2 Diabetes
| || ||Are people with Type 2 diabetes always dependent on insulin? |
- Yes, always
While there are Type 2 diabetics who never need insulin, many eventually need to start taking it because the body stops making insulin on it''t show any symptoms. But for others, symptoms appear gradually. Common symptoms include increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss, blurred vision and fatigue. Other signs include frequent infections and slow-healing wounds.
| || ||Which of the following options will NOT help type 2 diabetics control their blood sugar? |
- Losing excess weight
- Exercising regularly
- Following a diabetic meal plan
- Taking medication, as prescribed
- Eating less saturated fat
- Eating more fiber
People with type 2 diabetes can control their blood glucose levels by: losing excess weight, exercising regularly, following a healthy diet (as designed by a registered dietitian or certified diabetes educator) and using medication prescribed by their doctors. Diabetics are encouraged to eat more fiber (25-50 grams daily) to help control blood sugar levels. They are also encouraged to consume less saturated fat. However, this is because diabetics are at increased risk for other diseases (like heart disease), not because saturated fat affects blood glucose levels (which is does not).
| || ||If left uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to: |
- Gum disease
- Digestive problems
- Kidney damage or failure
- All of the above
Diabetes is a disease that can be prevented in most cases and treated successfully in the rest. But improper management of this disease can cause serious complications in many different areas of the body. If you have diabetes or are at risk for developing it, here is a head-to-toe list of its potential complications
, and suggestions to prevent them from happening to you.
| || ||Which of the following is NOT a good nutrition strategy for type 2 diabetics? |
- Spacing meals evenly throughout the day
- Eating lean protein with every meal and snack
- Eating fat with every meal and snack
- Increasing fiber intake
- Using sugar substitutes instead of sugar
While all of these other strategies are important for diabetics, eating fats at every meal or snack is not. Certain fats can enhance health, and fat can also slow carbohydrate absorption, preventing spikes in blood sugar. But diabetics need to watch their fat intake and keep it at moderate levels. Therefore, eating fat at every
meal and snack is typically not advised. Eating Well with Type 2 Diabetes
offers more tips.
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